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不要再拿一堆事不干我的事情來煩我!

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http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/7947914.stm

Burma's gem mines face closure

 

By Thuyein Kyaw-Zaw
BBC Burmese Service

 

Burmese rubies and jades are famous for their quality, and sold all over the world.

But even such a reclusive and secretive country as Burma cannot protect itself against the worldwide economic downturn.

Orders for Burmese precious stones have almost come to a halt and prices have plummeted.

As precious stones are Burma's third biggest export, the collapse in demand is having a serious effect on the economy.

They are usually sold, often via the black market, to China and Thailand - where they are treated, polished and then sold.

"A viss (approximately 1.63kg) of jade stones, whether good or bad, usually fetched a little over £1000 ($1440). Now we are unable to sell them at a tenth of that," one gem trader told the BBC.

 

Burmese rubies and jades are mined in northern Burma, famously dubbed the Valley of Rubies, or the Mogok region which is 800km (500 miles) from Rangoon.

Some estimate that the region accounts for 90% of world ruby production.

But with falling demand, almost all the mine fields in Magok are facing closure.

Some mine fields have closed completely, and some have seen up to 90% of miners lose their jobs.

US ban

Many in the industry blame the drop in demand on the ban imposed on the import of Burmese gems by the United States.

The ban was imposed by the Bush Administration following the crackdown on the pro-democracy movement in 2007.

The former first lady, Laura Bush, also called for the boycott of twice-yearly-held gem emporium in Rangoon.

 

But others dispute the importance of the US ban in the collapse in demand, saying that because most Burmese gems end up in Europe, American sanctions have only had a limited impact.

The business of mining Burmese precious stones is dominated by the state-owned Myanmar Economic Holdings and the Myanmar Economic Corporation (MEC).

With the fall of orders from Thailand, MEC has stopped its operations altogether.

Sources from biggest mining fields told the BBC that until the downturn there were about 500,000 people working in both government-owned and the much smaller privately-owned mines.

This represented about 10% of the working population.

In Mineshu, the largest mining area, there were once 100,000 people employed in the mines. Now it is reported that three-quarters of them have lost their jobs and left.

One miner summed up the current state of the mining industry in Burma as "close to extinction".

He said if the fall in demand continues into next year, it could spell the end for the entire precious stones mining industry in Burma.

 

Story from BBC NEWS:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/in_depth/7947914.stm

Published: 2009/03/17 16:14:06 GMT

© BBC MMIX

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我的貓---麥帥,竟然和我們的「所犬(麥帥)」撞名了!!

真是人算不如天算,當初取名用盡心機,沒想到就這麼湊巧,學妹把我們的「所犬」也取名叫「麥帥」!

還記得當時同學在永和家門口撿到我的麥帥貓,那時候才巴掌大,面紙盒裡面裝貓砂就夠讓他在裡面大小便了,沒想到麥帥現在竟然已經是個五公斤的大胖了。幫寵物取名是一件困難的事情,寵物是人們的「活財產」,通常主人都會想盡辦法要取特別的名字,當時的我也想了好久,無奈過了好幾天盡是想出一些「咪咪」、「喵喵」、「阿咪」、「阿喵」、「橘子」、「小虎」、「小豹」這種滿常見的菜市場名。

直到某一天,我看著我那沒名沒姓的的貓,心想,「大家都說你是橘貓,但我怎麼看都比較像麥子色啊!」。後來就想說好吧,就管這「麥子色的小帥哥」叫做「麥帥」吧!嘿,沒想到拍版定案時,我一回頭喊他麥帥,他還真給我「咩」了一聲。就這樣,雖然那時候室友牙隹ㄒ一ㄣ 跟我說這個名字「好像沒那麼順口」,不過我懶得想,於是就在麥帥他情我願之下決定了。換句話說,麥帥之所以叫做麥帥並不是因為我想幫他取一個帝王將相的名字,事實上拍版定案之後才想到「二戰名將麥克阿瑟將軍也被暱稱叫麥帥」。

等到麥帥長大了,才發現,「呼!好險我沒給他取喵喵/阿喵」這種名字。主要的原因是,麥帥基本上很少「喵」,大部分時候都發出羊的「咩咩聲」,而且咩聲甚至還會有pro級的顫音音效,偶爾也會間斷如下:咩~~咩-咩-咩。有時候,他也會發出另一個聲音,「挖凹~挖屋~凹」,特別是我們企圖用他最害怕的綠色吸塵器嚇唬他的時候,他就會發出這種很不滿的吼叫。

在我家,我媽總是很抱怨我幫貓取了一個兇巴巴的將軍名,在我媽的眼裡,本質膽小的麥帥是隻「流氓貓」。主要原因除了我那隻手長腳長的貓走路外八還滿像流氓之外,還包括每回把貓帶到中庭花園,麥帥就會衝到樹上攻擊我媽疼愛的鸚鵡GREEN。因為這個不良紀錄,我媽完全無法接受我說我讚美自己的貓溫柔。

回到撞名的主題來,麥帥現在已經三歲了,我從來沒想到他會有撞名的一天。還記得領養後,第一次帶他到獸醫院時,護士小姐還驚訝了一下「啊,叫麥帥?」。麥帥啊麥帥,沒想到人算不如天算,想當初你曾在人社院進進出出,還曾經被我帶到有沙發的209研究室,只差沒和麥帥狗一樣和我們一起上傅柯,不然你就幾乎和麥帥狗一樣有著共同的際遇了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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「串連紅手印 ,落實反童兵」是2009年由各國兒童與人權組織舉辦的國際串連。活動內容是蒐集一百萬個紅手印,在2月12日(反童兵公約七週年)呈遞聯合國大會,要求會員國遵守停止招募/使用童兵的約定。

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